Advancing Forest-Fire Management: Exploring Sensor Networks, Data Mining Techniques, and SVM Algorithm for Prediction


Zhang, S., & Pan, M. (2024). Advancing Forest-Fire Management: Exploring Sensor Networks, Data Mining Techniques, and SVM Algorithm for Prediction. Prevention and Treatment of Natural Disasters, 3(2).


Forest-fire is a pressing global problem that has far-reaching effects on human life and the environment, with climate change exacerbating their frequency and intensity. There is an urgent need for advanced predictive systems to mitigate these impacts. To address this issue, this study introduces a forest-fire prediction framework integrating wireless sensor networks (WSNs), data analysis, and machine learning. Sensor nodes deployed in a forest area collected real-time meteorological data, which was transmitted using LoRaWAN technology. Data mining techniques prepared the data for analysis using the SVM algorithm, revealing relationships between meteorological parameters and wildfire risk. The SVM model demonstrated an accuracy of 86% in classifying forest-fire risk levels based on temperature, humidity, wind speed, and rainfall data. The integrated framework of WSNs and the SVM algorithm provides a high-accuracy model for forest-fire risk prediction. The model is compared to the Canadian Forest Fire Hazard Rating System to validate its accuracy, demonstrating strong agreement with historical records and reports. The model's practical implications include efficient management, early detection, and prevention strategies. However, the model's limitations suggest avenues for future research, we should consider broader geographic applications and using advanced machine-learning methods to enhance the model's predictive capabilities.


forest-fire prediction wireless sensor networks data analysis machine learning meteorological parameters


  • Innovative research methodology: The paper illustrates the pivotal role of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in gathering crucial meteorological data for forest fire prediction.
  • Groundbreaking findings: The paper demonstrates the effectiveness of machine learning algorithms, specifically the Support Vector Machine (SVM), in analyzing environmental parameters for wildfire risk assessment.
  • Practical implications for the field: The paper reveals that the integration of WSNs with advanced data analysis techniques significantly improves the accuracy of forest-fire prediction models.


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