Determination of Optimal Designs for Geothermal Energy Piles in the Soil Supporting a Multi-storey Building


Žlender, B., & Jelušič, P. (2022). Determination of Optimal Designs for Geothermal Energy Piles in the Soil Supporting a Multi-storey Building. New Energy Exploitation and Application, 1(2), 18–24.


  • Bojan Žlender
    University of Maribor Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Architecture
  • P. Jelušič University of Maribor,Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Architecture

The article presents the optimal design of geothermal energy piles supporting a multi-story building at different pile spacing. The optimization model OPTPILE, based on the construction cost of the single pile, was used for this purpose. It was provided with geotechnical and structural design constraints that satisfy the requirements of building codes. The optimal design of a geothermal energy pile was studied for a 10-storey building with different pile spacing. So far, only a single energy pile has been optimized and therefore the spacing between the piles has not yet been considered in the design. However, in this work, pile spacing is taken into account by considering the entire load distribution of the multi-story building. A 3D beam-slab frame was created to determine the pile loads. The recommendation for the optimal design of geothermal energy pile spacing for a 10-storey building was developed. The results show that the optimal pile spacing (square distribution) for a 10-storey building is about 7 m. The construction cost for all thermal pile foundations and concrete structural components for a 10-storey building is estimated to be 101.1 €/m2 . The optimal architecturally reasonable spacing of piles with a square distribution for a 10-storey building is 8.5 m. In this case, the cost of the concrete structural elements of the building and the piles increases by 1% to 102.1 €/m2 . The cost of installing the heating pipes in the pile is about 1 €/m2 .


Geothermal energy piles Structural design Optimization Multi-storey building


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