On the Application of Metaheuristics and Deep Wavelet Scattering Decompositions for the Prediction of Adolescent Psychosis Using EEG Brain Wave Signals
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Schizophrenia is a common psychotic disorder which affects a substantial amount of the population, where the paranoid variant is viewed as the most common form of the disorder. This form of psychosis has been seen to affect both adults and adolescents; where in the case of adolescents, it is increasingly challenging to diagnose with traditional means involving clinical interviews. The use of electroencephalography (EEG) signals has proven to be an effective means of non-invasively diagnosing brain disorders, alongside having the ability to mitigate any form of subjective bias from the diagnosis process. This paper explores the use of acquired EEG signals, metaheuristics and deep wavelet scattering decomposition, and a combination of supervised and unsupervised learning, for the automated prediction of adolescent schizophrenia. The results showed the best accuracy for the metaheuristic decomposition alongside the candidate learning methods, in the region of 95%+ across the various classification metrics, which showcases an enhanced means of prediction of adolescent schizophrenia. Further work would now explore the use of Long ShortTerm Memory and Convolution Neural Networks to investigate the classification performances.
Keywords:Signal processing Evolutionary computing Pattern recognition Decision support EEG Schizophrenia
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