Raspberry-PI based Design of An Interactive Smart Mirror for Daily Life


Lyons, J. R., Anicho, O., & Secco, E. L. (2024). Raspberry-PI based Design of An Interactive Smart Mirror for Daily Life. Digital Technologies Research and Applications, 3(2), 89–103.


  • Joe Reginald Lyons School of Mathematics, Computer Science and Engineering, Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, L16 9JD, UK
  • Ogbonnaya Anicho School of Mathematics, Computer Science and Engineering, Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, L16 9JD, UK
  • Emanuele Lindo Secco
    School of Mathematics, Computer Science and Engineering, Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, L16 9JD, UK

The Internet of Things and spatial computing are increasingly popular in today's technological environment. These devices can sometimes produce counterproductive effects, complicating the interaction between non-expert end users and the device itself. In this paper, we propose a simple, user-friendly, and cost-effective configurable smart mirror, which can display usefully relevant real-time information. This system is designed based on a low-cost Raspberry Pi paired with an LCD screen. The system can connect with a personal computer (PC) through the IEEE 802.15 wireless communication protocol. The preliminary results in this paper show the intuitive usability of the device in daily life.


Internet of Things; low-cost interactive design; intuitive design; user-friendly design


  1. Buil-Gil, D.; Kemp, S.; Kuenzel, S.; Coventry, L.; Zakhary, S.; Tilley, D.; Nicholson, J. The Digital Harms of Smart Home Devices: A Systematic Literature Review. Comput. Hum. Behav. 2023, 145, 1–3.
  2. Morris, M.; Adair, B.; Miller, K.; Ozanne, E.; Hansen, R.; Pearce, A.; Santamaria, N.; Viega, L.; Long, M.; Saidet, C. Smart-Home Technologies to Assist Older People to Live Well at Home. J. Aging Sci. 2013, 1, 1–9.
  3. Kulovic, S.; Ramic-Brkic, B. DIY Smart Mirror. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Innovative and Interdisciplinary Applications of Advanced Technologies, Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 21–24 June 2018.
  4. Smart Display Market Size, Share and Industry Analysis | 2028 ( Available online:,a%20CAGR%20of%2021.6%25%20from%202021%20to%202028 (accessed on 7 June 2024).
  5. Guhr, N.; Werth, O.; Blacha, P.P.H.; Breitner, M.H. Privacy Concerns in the Smart Home Context. SN Appl. Sci. 2020, 2, 1–12.
  6. The Python Language Reference. Available online: (accessed on 7 April 2024).
  7. Scanlan, D.A. Structured Flowcharts Outperform Pseudocode: An Experimental Comparison. IEEE Software 1989, 6, 28–36.
  8. Mahmmod, B.M.; Flayyih, W.N.; Fakhri, Z.H.; Abdulhussain, S.H.; Khan, W.; Hussain, A. Performance Enhancement of High Order Hahn Polynomials Using Multithreading. PLoS One 2023, 18.
  9. Gamess, E.; Hernandez, S. Performance Evaluation of Different Raspberry Pi Models for a Broad Spectrum of Interests. Int. J. Adv. Comput. Sci. Appl. 2022, 13, 819–828.
  10. Brown, R.; Webber, C.; Koomey, J.G. Status and Future Directions of the Energy Star Program. Energy 2002, 27, 505–520.
  11. Gupta, K.; Sharma, T. Changing Trends in Computer Architecture: A Comprehensive Analysis of ARM and x86 Processors. Int. J. Sci. Res. Comput. Sci., Eng. Inf. Technol. 2021, 7, 619–631.
  12. Tullis, T.S.; Boynton, J.L.; Hersh, H. Readability of Fonts in the Windows Environment. In Proceedings of the Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI '95 Conference Companion: Mosaic of Creativity, Boston, USA, 7–11 May 1995.
  13. Raskin, J. Viewpoint: Intuitive Equals Familiar. Commun. ACM 1994, 37, 17–18.
  14. Innes, M.; Secco, E.L. An Understanding of How Technology Can Assist in the Epidemic of Medicine Nonadherence with the Development of a Medicine Dispenser. Eur. J. Appl. Sci. 2023, 11, 522–550.
  15. Manolescu, V.D.; Secco, E.L. Design of an Assistive Low-Cost 6 d.o.f. Robotic Arm with Gripper. In Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Information and Communication Technology, London, UK, 21–24 February 2022.
  16. Van Eker, M.; Secco, E.L. Development of a Low-cost Portable Device for the Monitoring of Air Pollution. Acta Sci. Comput. Sci. 2023, 5.
  17. Brown, K.; Secco, E.L.; Nagar, A.K. A Low-Cost Portable Health Platform for the Monitoring of Human Physiological Signals. In EAI International Conference on Technology, Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Education, 1st ed.; Reyes-Munoz, A., Zheng, P., Crawford, D., Callaghan, V., Eds.; Springer: Canterbury, Great Britain, 2016; Volume 532, pp. 221–224.
  18. McHugh, D.; Buckley, N.; Secco, E.L. A Low-cost Visual Sensor For Gesture Recognition via AI CNNS. In Proceedings of the Intelligent Systems Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 3–4 September 2020.
  19. Buckley, N.; Sherrett, L.; Secco, E.L. A CNN Sign Language Recognition System With Single & Double-handed Gestures. In Proceedinggs of IEEE 45th Annual Computers, Software, and Applications Conference (COMPSAC), Madrid, Spain, 12–16 July 2021.